Who is buried under St George’s Chapel?
On the 9th April 2021 Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, passed away.
Aged 99, he was the longest serving royal consort in British history and was married to Her Majesty The Queen for 74 years: the only Royal couple to attain a platinum wedding anniversary. He was also the most well-travelled member of the Royal family, managing an incredible 22,219 solo engagements during his years of public duty.
In a manner that evokes the imagery of Queen Victoria seemingly incomplete without her beloved Albert, the Queen is now a widow – and preparations have been made regarding His Royal Highness’ ceremonial funeral, scheduled to happen on Saturday 17th April with minimal pomp and fuss, as per his own instruction.
Via a modified Land Rover he himself helped design, his coffin will be transported from a private chapel in Windsor Castle to St. George’s Chapel where the service will be taken prior to his internment in the Royal Vault.
The vaults underneath the chapel are the final resting place of many a royal: so here are a few of his extended family he’ll be laid to rest alongside…
The Royal Vault
Initially designated a temporary space to place the dead, the Royal Vault was chiefly active between between 1810 and 1930 and has 24 people placed within it.
Princess Amelia (1783 – 1810)
The first regal resident was Princess Amelia, the fifteenth child and sixth daughter of King George III. A ‘lovely creature’ and very much his favourite daughter, her birth was nicely timed as it coincided with the end of the war between Great Britain and the United States – a new royal embodied a new hope. Such was the scale of her death that her brother, George IV who was 21 years older than her, was unable to sleep at night unless his room was illuminated by a candle. It is likely her passing contributed to the Regency Act of 1811, as George III suffered another blow to his already fragile mental health.
Princess Frederica, 1848 – 1926
In 1926 Princess Frederica of Hanover was interred here alongside her father, George V of Hanover, who died in 1878. I like Federica, because she used her position to help those in need, being a benefactoress of the Royal National College for the Blind. Something of a champion for those with disabilities, especially as her father was blind, she was also a patron for the Training College for Teachers of the Deaf in Ealing.
Princess Augusta, 1797 – 1889
The last permanent resident to be placed in the vault was Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, sister-in-law to George IV who was twenty years younger than her husband, taking great interest in the poor around Kew and in Hanover, where she lived for a time with her husband Adolphus, the Duke of Cambridge. Augusta was originally buried with her husband in St. Anne’s Church, Kew and moved by decree of Queen Mary, Elizabeth II’s grandmother, in 1930.
I can’t mention St. George’s Chapel and Royal burial vaults without mentioning this. The construction of a new vault sanctioned by the aforementioned George IV in 1813 led to the rediscovery of an old one by the South Quire Aisle which contained the remains of Jane Seymour, Henry VIII and Charles I. George, being a curious sort, when he was told of the discovery, dragged Royal physician Sir Henry Halford down into the depths to do some royal tomb-raiding, flaming torch and all.
George had a legitimate interest in trying to see where Charles I was buried as it was something of a question mark within the family, with Charles II trying – and failing – to see where it was exactly his father had been placed. Down George and Henry went; seeing 4 coffins in total – an infant of Queen Anne was also here – and promptly opened up Charles’ coffin to have a good old rummage, on April Fool’s day.
Astonishingly, they found that he was dead.
His skin was found to be discoloured, his nose had rotted away and the change in pressure caused one of Charles’ eyes to pop all over the taphophilic monarch. We know this from an account written by Henry, who neglected to mention that George took a couple of souvenirs before his coffin was soldered up again.
A tooth, a scrap of beard and the fourth cervical vertebrae of Charles eventually passed to Prince Albert, who under a very cross Queen Victoria’s instruction, had him return the body parts back into the vault in its own little wooden box in 1888.
The Royal Vault has often been a temporary holding place whilst other places of rest have been prepared.
Philip’s placing in the vault is similarly temporary: Edward VII was placed there in 1910 ahead of his own resting place and Philip’s mother was there for two decades before she was buried in Jerusalem. It is expected that when The Queen dies, he will be placed in the King George V Memorial Chapel alongside her, her father, mother and sister.